PEACE CORPS AND NATO
First Manned Moon Mission,
FEDERAL HOME LOAN PROGRAM
The Voting Rights Act,
MEDICARE AND MEDICAID!
Votes for our Women,
40 Hour Work Week
Minimum Wage and
The Social Security Act.
History of Unemployment Insurance in the United
In 1932, in the midst of the Great Depression, Wisconsin became the first state in the U.S. to enact an unemployment insurance law.
Six other states enacted UI laws prior to the Social Security Act of 1935 – CA, MA, NH, NY, UT, and WA.
At approximately 3:30 p.m. on Wednesday, August 14, 1935, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed into law the Social Security Act, which containedprovisions for old age insurance, welfare, and unemployment insurance.
The enactment of the Social Security Act was the first major step towards establishing Unemployment Insurance programs in the United States; it encouraged states to adopt their own Unemployment Insurance
The program took time for states to implement. Wisconsin issued the first unemployment check in the amount of $15 to Neils B. Ruud of Madison, Wisconsin on August 17, 1936.
In May 1937 the Supreme Court upheld the Social Security Act as constitutional and by August 1937, the 48 states, Alaska, Hawaii, and the District of Columbia had enacted their own Unemployment Insurance laws.
Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands established Unemployment Insurance programs in 1961 and 1978, respectively. Helping America’s Workers
The Unemployment Insurance system was created to stabilize the economy and alleviate personal hardship stemming from involuntary job loss.
It is a unique federal-state partnership, based on Federal law, but administered by state employees under state law.
It is financed almost entirely by employer payroll taxes. Only three states (AK, NJ, and PA) collect taxes from employees under certain conditions.
The Unemployment Insurance program provides temporary cash benefits to individuals who are unemployed through no fault of their own, so that they can meet their basic financial needs and provide for their families while searching for new employment.
These benefits help to maintain an individual’s purchasing power; they are spent immediately on necessities such as food, fuel and housing, and thus provide an important stimulus for local economies.
Every dollar paid in unemployment benefits generates approximately $1.60 in economic activity.